Treatment for thyroid cancer cases depend on its type and stage.
Surgery is usually the first-line treatment to early-stage thyroid
tumors. Depending on the size and location of the tumor, part
(lobectomy) or all (thyroidectomy) of the thyroid gland may be
removed. If the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, these will
also be extracted.
Following surgery, radioactive iodine ablation (RAI) is advised to
completely eradicate the cancer and prevent recurrence. RAI is
available in capsule or liquid form, and is prescribed to target and
destroy remaining cancerous thyroid cells without affecting
surrounding tissues and organs.
Thyroid hormone therapy, meanwhile, reduced the
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in the body, preventing
cancerous thyroid cells from growing or recurring. It may also
be prescribed after lobectomy or thyroidectomy.
For advanced forms of thyroid cancer, chemotherapy, and targeted
and X-ray therapies are recommended.
Prof Christopher Goh is an ENT, head and neck surgeon in Singapore
who has over 20 years of experience in treating benign
and malignant tumors in the thyroid and salivary glands, throat,
voice box and more. To learn more about our services, call 9754-4719.